MUST KNOW : MGA BAGONG BATAS SA PILIPINAS
1. No more texting while driving
Republic Act 10913 or “An act defining and penalizing distracted driving” will mean that any person who is using their phones in non-emergency cases and/or needs it for work will be penalized with a fine of P5,000 for first offense, P10,000 for second offense, and P15,000 and suspension of license for three months for the third offense.
2. Mandatory subtitles
Republic Act 10905 or “An act requiring all franchise holders or operators of television stations and producers of television programs to broadcast or present their programs with closed captions option and for other purposes” requires TV stations to provide subtitles for the deaf community.
For those who violate the law will either be fined P50, 000 up, or maybe at least 1 year of imprisonment.
3. Mandatory speed limiters
Republic Act 10916 or “An act requiring the mandatory installation of speed limiter in public utility and certain types of vehicles” will require all covered public transportation vehicles to have a speed limiter.
The driver’s license of offender will be suspended for one month and the franchise permit for three months for the first offense.
Vehicles without speed limiters before the passage of the law will have to comply within 18 months after it takes effect.
The absence of a speed limiter will not be allowed for registration or be given a franchise permit, and the owners or operators for the vehicle will be fined with P50, 000.
Offenders caught tampering with speed limiters will be imprisoned for six to 36 months and fined with P30,000.
4. Stricter Anti-Carnapping Law
Republic Act 10883 or “An act providing for a new anti-carnapping law of the Philippines” now considers carnapping a non-bailable offense and will require Land Transportation Office to keep a record of all cars and owners.
The person who violates the law will be imprisoned up to 30 to 40 years and if the victim is killed, it would be life imprisonment.
5. Longer prescription for crimes of graft and corruption
Republic Act 10910 or “An act increasing the prescriptive period for violations of Republic Act no. 3019, otherwise known as the ‘anti-graft and corrupt practices act’ from fifteen (15) years to twenty years, amending section 11 thereof” amended the prescription of offenses, also known as the statute of limitations, from 15 to 20 years.
6. Keeping Filipinas from becoming mail order brides
Republic Act 10906 or “An act providing stronger measures against unlawful practices, businesses, and schemes of matching and offering Filipinos to foreign nationals for purposes of marriage or common law partnership, repealing for the purpose republic act no. 6955, also referred to as the ‘anti-mail order bride law'” penalizes any person who has in any way engaged in business to exploit Filipinas to offer to foreigners for marriage.
If the person found guilty, they will be imprisoned up to 15 years and be fined at least P500,000 thousand.
People who involved in the illegal act will also punished with the same penalty.
Any person who has served as an accessory to the crime will be imprisoned for 10 years and a fine of at least P100, 000 but not more than P500, 000.
7. No more candies or inexact change
Once Republic Act 10909 or “An act prohibiting business establishments from giving insufficient or no change to consumers and providing penalties therefore” takes effect, you can now sue the establishment for not giving you your due change.
It required to stick price tags with exact price of the product, for first offense of will fine P500 or 3% of gross sales, P5, 000 of 5% of sales for second offense, and the third offense will be fined P15,000 or 7% of sales and also suspension of operation for three months.
8. Anti-age discrimination for employees
Republic Act 10911 or “An act prohibiting discrimination against any individual in employment on account of age and providing penalties therefore” prohibits employers from withholding promotion or deny training opportunities, compensation and privileges from employees on the basis of age.
Recruitment or employment that violates the law will be fined at least P50, 000 or be imprisoned up to two years.